Research

As Syrians’ displacement is becoming increasingly protracted, the search for durable solutions is ever more vital. The DSP develops research around the three durable solutions for displaced Syrians inside and outside Syria: voluntary repatriation in safety and dignity, local integration and resettlement.

 

Our objective is to generate and disseminate high quality research outputs that contribute to policy discussions and programming on durable solutions. Our research covers resettlement and complementary pathways, opportunities for local integration in the region as well as challenges for reintegration and return to areas of origin inside Syria. 

With the prospect of returns to Syria appearing remote, significant numbers of Syrian refugees will likely remain in Jordan for the foreseeable future. As durable options are currently out of reach for most refugees, it becomes vital to support pathways toward solutions so that displaced people are able to take a voluntary and informed decision once solutions do become available to them. Enabling the youth among Syrian refugee, vulnerable Jordanian…

With the Syrian conflict now in its twelfth year, Jordanians and Syrian refugees living in poverty continue to face a fragile economy with limited prospects for self-reliance and sustainable livelihoods. To date, most livelihoods programming in Jordan has focused on “push strategies” such as vocational training, short-term job matching, and cash for work programming. However, with Jordan’s stagnant private sector growth, high public sector employment rates, and reliance on the informal…

Given the persistent lack of durable options for most of Syria’s displaced, complementary pathways to resettlement have become an increasingly core component of holistic policy and advocacy responses on behalf of Syrian refugees. One of the complementary pathways being explored for its potential to facilitate the achievement of durable solutions for refugees is that of labor mobility. Most skilled migration pathways were not designed with refugee circumstances…

This briefing note defines durable solutions programming and outlines its principles and enabling
factors. An overview of the different types of interventions and approaches that constitute durable
solutions programming is also provided. The key message is that action can be taken to support
durable solutions in all contexts, even where the durable solutions themselves remain a distant
prospect. Durable solutions programming must also always be local relevant and…

The Durable Solutions Platform (DSP), Development Initiatives, Action Against Hunger (ACF), Danish Refugee Council (DRC), International Rescue Committee (IRC) and Save the Children published new research exploring lessons for how financing can better support pathways to durable solutions for Syrian refugees in the region, including JordanLebanon and Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). The key…

With the Syrian context heading into its eleventh year, durable solutions remain elusive for Syrian refugees in the region. In light of the increasingly protracted displacement they face, this research report examines whether, and in what ways, shared livelihoods services have and can contribute to better integration outcomes for Syrian refugees, internally displaced people (IDPs) and host communities in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI).

Ten years into Syria’s violent conflict, Syrians remain the largest refugee population worldwide, with nearly 5.5 million living in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), and 6 million others internally displaced within Syria. With Syrian refugees facing limited resettlement opportunities and the unlikely prospect of return under safe and sustainable conditions, it is essential to explore ways to promote local solutions for refugees and improve…

The Analytical Framework draws its design and indicators from the IASC Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons, the ReDSS Solutions Framework, JIPS Durable Solutions Indicator Library, the INGO Durable Solutions Indicator Framework, and UNHCR’s Protection Thresholds and Parameters for Refugee Return to Syria. Its purpose is to put forth a framework that is specific to the Syria displacement context, and can be used to assess progress towards durable solutions for…

Whilst most humanitarian responses across the globe have had to navigate the impact of the Coronavirus pandemic, in Lebanon the challenges related to COVID-19 emerged on top of an unprecedented protest movement, political instability, a rapid deterioration of the economy and the increasingly protracted displacement of Syrian refugees in the country. This report assesses collective learning and decision-making on the adaptations of selected multi-purpose cash and protection cash programmes in…

Whilst most humanitarian responses across the globe have had to navigate the impact of the Coronavirus pandemic, in Lebanon the challenges related to COVID-19 emerged on top of an unprecedented protest movement, political instability, a rapid deterioration of the economy and the increasingly protracted displacement of Syrian refugees in the country. This report assesses collective learning and decision-making on the adaptations of selected multi-purpose cash and protection cash programmes in…

Whilst most humanitarian responses across the globe have had to navigate the impact of the Coronavirus pandemic, in Lebanon the challenges related to COVID-19 emerged on top of an unprecedented protest movement, political instability, a rapid deterioration of the economy and the increasingly protracted displacement of Syrian refugees in the country. This report assesses collective learning and decision-making on the adaptations of selected multi-purpose cash and protection cash programmes in…

“We live in the unknown and head towards the unknown” - Internally displaced man in northeast Syria

Over 50 Syrian and international NGOs published a report calling for action by participants of the upcoming Brussels IV Conference on the Future of Syria and the Region to support people…

“We live in the unknown and head towards the unknown” - Internally displaced man in northeast Syria

Over 50 Syrian and international NGOs published a report calling for action by participants of the upcoming Brussels IV Conference on the Future of Syria and the Region to support people…

Since 16 March 2020, Lebanon has been in a state of emergency in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Lebanon’s situation is compounded because of the layering of the pandemic onto the ongoing economic and political instability experienced over the course of 2019 and 2020. This paper from the Durable Solutions Platform (DSP), together with its three member organizations Danish Refugee Council (DRC), the International Rescue Committee (IRC), Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), as…

The refugee response in Jordan is at a critical juncture, with humanitarian and emergency needs increasingly overlapping with traditional macroeconomic development priorities. Ensuring access to livelihoods is a critical component of supporting people to achieve their preferred durable solution to their protracted displacement. DSP brought together its three member organizations, the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), the International Rescue Committee (IRC) and the Norwegian…

This research explores the Strategic Use of Resettlement (SUR), the concept that resettlement programming can be leveraged in strategic ways that can improve not only the lives of resettled refugees, but also refugees and citizens in refugee-hosting countries. However, despite being articulated more than 15 years ago, little evidence exists to demonstrate the extent to which this concept informs resettlement programming and impacting host countries. This research uses the Syrian refugee…

This research report explores the lessons learned and ways forward for Syrian refugees’ protracted displacement in Lebanon. With almost nine years since the start of the conflict in Syria, a tremendous effort has been done to provide needed services to Syrian refugees and vulnerable host communities in Lebanon. Nonetheless, many continue to face difficult humanitarian conditions due to a restrictive regulatory framework, pre-existing lag in the delivery and quality of infrastructural…

This policy brief draw from a larger research report exploring the lessons learned and ways forward for Syrian refugees’ protracted displacement in Lebanon. With almost nine years since the start of the conflict in Syria, a tremendous effort has been done to provide needed services to Syrian refugees and vulnerable host communities in Lebanon. Nonetheless, many continue to face difficult humanitarian conditions due to a restrictive regulatory framework,…

This research report explores the lessons learned and ways forward for Syrian refugees’ protracted displacement in Jordan. As current refugee assistance programs are adapting to address medium- and longer-term needs, this report explores how Syrian refugees’ self-reliance can be fostered in a manner that promotes resilience and social cohesion with host communities. The report highlights some areas where strategic…

This research report explores the lessons learned and ways forward for Syrian refugees’ protracted displacement in Jordan. As current refugee assistance programs are adapting to address medium- and longer-term needs, this report explores how Syrian refugees’ self-reliance can be fostered in a manner that promotes resilience and social cohesion with host communities. The report highlights some areas where strategic…

This study examines the opportunities and barriers for Syrian refugees’ economic participation and integration in Turkey. Overall, this research finds that significant legal, economic and socio-cultural barriers exist to Syrians’ attainment of self-reliance and sustainable livelihoods in Turkey. The study also presents recommendations to improve Syrians’ self-reliance in Turkey…

Whilst the regional refugee response to the Syrian crisis has largely focused on Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey, less attention has been given to the situation of the approximately 250,000 Syrian…

Durable Solutions in North-East Syria

While conditions inside Syria are not conducive to the safe and dignified return of refugees, limited spontaneous return movements of Syrian refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) have been observed to Syria’s North East. This research examines the conditions of the Syrian population in the…

As return in safety and dignity is currently not possible and obstacles to local integration in the region remain, third country solutions become a priority for displaced Syrians. Resettlement,, which is the organised identification, selection and transportation of refugees to a third country where they would get refugee status, be expected to integrate and eventually able to naturalise,…

Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons in Syria

The conflict in Syria has caused 6.2 million Syrians to become internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the country. So far, little emphasis has been placed on studying the challenges and opportunities for IDPs’ local integration in Syria. This report explores local solutions within the context of protracted displacement inside Syria.

Spontaneous Returns

The ongoing armed conflict in Syria has displaced millions of people inside and outside the country, sparking an international humanitarian crisis in the region. While some Syrian families and individuals who were displaced abroad or inside the country are spontaneously returning to their areas of origin, they remain at serious risk of becoming internally displaced again. This…

The conflict in Syria has resulted in the displacement of half the pre-war population, with more than five million refugees now residing in Syria’s neighbouring countries. While the situation in Syria is far from safe, host governments started to openly contemplate the return of refugees to Syria in 2017. In this report, the Norwegian Refugee Council, Save the Children, Action Against Hunger, CARE…

Syrian Refugees in Lebanon

Amid the protracted Syrian crisis, Lebanon hosts over one million Syrian refugees, making Lebanon home to the highest number of refugees per capita in the world. This report studies the positions of different Lebanese actors on the policy towards Syrian refugees in Lebanon.

Safety and returns

This report explores dynamics of safety and how they relate to returns.